fix file system errors on Windows

Fixing File System Errors on Windows

6 minutes read


Windows operating systems are popular across the world and offer users strong and adaptable operating systems for a variety of uses. But just like any other piece of software, Windows can have bugs or errors. File system failure is one such issue that users frequently deal with. These mistakes may result in unstable systems, lost data, and other annoying problems. This post will examine the root causes of and tell how to fix file system errors on Windows. We will give step-by-step instructions to assist users in troubleshooting and resolving these problems.

Understanding File System Errors on Windows

The file system is an important part of every operating system. It is in charge of handling and organizing data on solid-state and hard disks, among other types of storage. File system failures can cause a variety of issues, like inaccessible files, system crashes, or even a full failure to boot. They arise when there is corruption or damage inside the file system structure.

Also Read: Windows Update Cleanup

Common Causes of File System Errors on Windows

Power Loss and Unexpected System Shutdowns:

Unexpected system shutdowns or unexpected power cuts might put a stop to the writing process to disk. And leave file system structures incomplete or damaged.

Hardware Failures:

File system failures can get caused by malfunctioning hardware, such as a failed RAM module or hard disk. It is essential to periodically assess the condition of your hardware to prevent potential problems.

Software conflicts:

Poorly written or incompatible software, like drivers and third-party apps, can cause conflicts that show up as file system problems. This threat can get reduced by installing unused programs and keeping software up to date.

Viruses and malware:

When malicious software enters your system, it might harm the file system and compromise the authenticity of your data. To stop and get rid of these threats, antivirus software you need to update and operate them regularly.

Disk Errors:

File system problems can get caused by physical faults with storage devices, such as faulty segments on a hard drive. Updating and fixing disk problems regularly can help keep your storage media in good condition.

Improper System Shutdowns:

Inadequate computer shutdowns might cause file system problems. To prevent potential problems, it is important to stick to the proper shutdown processes.

Corrupted System Files:

A number of factors can cause system files to become corrupt over time, which can result in file system issues. A functioning file system can get preserved by routinely checking and fixing system files.

After learning about the typical reasons behind file system errors on Windows. Let’s look into the detailed solutions for these problems.

how to fix file system errors on Windows

Methods for Fixing File System Errors on Windows

Follow the steps in sequenceto learn how to fix File System Errors on Windows

Run CHKDSK (Check Disk):

A built-in Windows tool called CHKDSK checks and fixes file system problems on a drive. To launch CHKDSK follow these steps:

  • As an administrator, launch Command Prompt.
  • Write chkdsk /f and then press enter.
  • You will get requested to schedule a disk check upon the next system restart if the drive is in use. Enter ‘Y’ after typing it, ‘y’ represents yes.
  • In order for CHKDSK to examine and fix the file system, restart your computer.

Use SFC (System File Checker):

File system issues can also happen because of corrupted system files, which System File Checker utility may detect and fix.

  • Firstly As an administrator, launch Command Prompt in your system.
  • Then enter sfc /scannow, and hit Enter button.
  • Give the scan time to finish properly, and SFC will try to fix any problems it finds during the scan.

Check Disk Health using Third-Party Tools:

Make use of third-party disk health monitoring tools to check your storage devices’ general condition. Your hard disk or SSD’s state can also get determined with help of programs like CrystalDiskInfo or Hard Disk Sentinel.

Update your Device Drivers:

File system failures might get caused by outdated or incompatible device drivers too. Make sure that all of your drivers are up-to-date specially the ones for the disk drives and storage controllers. For driver updates, you can go to the manufacturer’s website or use the Device Manager and get your drivers updated.

Scan for Viruses and Malware: 

Use a reliable antivirus or antimalware program to do a full system scan. In order to guarantee a safe and secure system, remove potential threats found.

Try doing System Restore:

Restoring your system back to a previous state can fix file system issues. If you had just installed new software or made major changes to it. Go to System and Security in the Control Panel after it is open, then choose the System option. After doing that go to ‘System Protection’ and then select ‘System Restore’ option/button.

Check for Disk Errors Using GUI:

Disk issues can be checked and fixed using the graphical interface that the Windows operating system offers. To check a drive, right-click on it, then select Properties, then the Tools tab. Under Error-checking, select “Check.”

Reinstall or Repair Windows: 

If every method/technique told doesn’t work, you might want to think about reinstalling or fixing Windows. Before doing it, make a backup of your crucial data. Then, start the repair or reinstall process using the Windows installation DVD.


Windows file system errors are typically quite annoying. But users can effectively identify and fix file system errors on Windows by following a systematic approach. Preventing file system failures requires routine maintenance, which includes updating drivers, running CHKDSK, and performing malware scans on a regular basis. Users can minimize the risk of data loss and system instability by using the procedures described in the above post. It will help them maintain the health and stability of their Windows systems. Always make regular backups of your data to protect yourself from unexpected issues and to experience a more smooth computing experience.

Frequently asked questions

Q1: How do I check the file system error?

Ans: Type SFC /scannow into the command prompt window and hit Enter. The Windows system file integrity is checked by system file checker tool, which can also perform necessary repairs if needed. Restart the PC after the process has finished.

Q2: Which command fixes the errors of disk?

Ans: Go to the Command Prompt and then run CHKDSK from there.

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